A property is a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) if both of the following apply:
- at least 3 tenants live there, forming more than one household
- toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities are shared
A building which has been poorly converted into flats may also be a special type of HMO.
A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together. It includes people who are married or living together and people in same-sex relationships.
An HMO must have a licence if it is occupied by 5 or more people.
All HMOs must be safe and well managed. It is an offence not to comply with the HMO Management Regulations.